While every shin splint injury has its own specific biomechanical causes, most are rooted in tight calf muscles and relative weakness in the front leg muscles. Whats going on is that your tight calves are pulling up on your heel, which in turn pulls the front of your foot down. This puts strain on the muscles in the front of your leg, which unfortunately are not strong enough to resist the pulling. This causes a big pain in the leg! This is very, very common in runners, since running tends to exercise the calf muscles more than those in the front. The most common display of faulty foot biomechanics is �over-pronation. Over-pronation is a condition whereby the arches are lowered and the feet and ankles rolling inwards excessively during walking and running. It is believed by podiatrists that over 70% of the population actually suffers from mild to severe over-pronation. Over-pronation should not be confused with flat feet (Pes Planus). Only 5% of the population is flat-footed, i.e. no arch is present whatsoever under the foot. Over-pronators on the other hand do have an arch present, but the arch will lower significantly during walking and running, and the ankles will twist inwards. Your ill fitted shoes that does not have enough space for the toes can be the culprit. In that case, change of shoes can resolve the problem. Toes and feet are common sites of traumatic injury particularly because of falling of heavy objects on them. A traumatic injury can cause dislocation in the toe joint, fracture in the bone or swelling in the soft tissues. In all these conditions, the nerves in the area get irritated and gives a sharp pain along with a numb feeling. A serious injury can make walking or driving a painful experience. Here, the skin gets damaged by the extreme cold temperature. The most common cause of hallux valgus is poorly fitting shoes, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Shoes with a tight toe box that push the toes together can lead to the formation of a bunion. High-heeled shoes are the worst for this condition. In fact, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons state that studies have shown that the majority of women in the U.S. wear shoes that are too small, and over half of them have bunions. Other factors like improper foot mechanics due to altered arch height play a role. Hallux valgus can also result from genetic factors and conditions like arthritis and neurological disorders. In arthritic conditions, especially rheumatoid arthritis, it is important to establish a correct diagnosis. Often the symptoms in the foot or ankle may be the first indications of this diagnosis. A diagnosis is obtained through review of your medical history, your current occupation, and recreations activities you participate in and any previous history of problems to your feet or legs. One possible indication of RA is appearance of symptoms in the same joint on both feet or several joints in the feet. X-rays may also be obtained to clarify what joint damage is occurring. Bunions, in most cases, are a condition that affects the big toe. The base of the big toe reveals a protruding mass similar to the size of a marble under the skin, and causes the angle of the big toe to realign inward. Lesser toe bunions are rare, but occur on the remaining four toes. Mostly seen on the base of the fifth toe, sometimes called a Tailor�s bunion or bunionette , these present with the same protruding ball under the skin and forces the toe inward. Although symptom management through non-surgical methods are tried first, corrective bunion surgery is often needed to treat the bunion. Bunion Surgery Before we discuss about the buying the diabetic footwear, it is must to understand why we need this class of footwear. Diabetic feet are more sensitive to pressures, infections, pressures and the wounds etc. Numbness is another common symptom experienced by diabetics. Bunions are the common problems triggered by the use of tight and ill-fitting shoes. Bunion is bony lump delivering pain waves; it is covered by pad of soft and tender flesh developed as the result of attempt to cushion toe area from excess friction and pressure. Hammertoe too usually accompanies the bunions. This condition develops when the toe is fixed in crooked position.